Landfill gas is a product that is released during the fermentation of organic substances under anaerobic conditions (without oxygen). It is a high-energy fuel that can substitute fossil fuel. Depending upon the landfill design, as well as waste composition, compaction, moisture and several other factors, landfills are available to collect and use this valuable renewable energy source for power generation.
If landfill gas is allowed to escape to atmosphere, methane (CH4) is 21 times more powerful greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide (CO2). Instead, the landfill gas can be captured, converted, and used as a source of energy. Using landfill gas can help reduce odors and emissions, and prevent methane from migrating into the atmosphere and contributing to local smog and global climate change. Therefore, its prevention from escaping to the atmosphere and its utilization as a renewable fuel energy source is a win-win act for both the power producers and the communities.